The construction of the Berlin Wall by the GDR took place in 1961 under Walter Ulbricht's responsibility. At a press conference, on June 15, 1961, he said:
Nobody has the intention to build a wall!"
Only two months later, on August 13, 1961, the armed forces of the GDR began to seal off the border between East and West Berlin and to erect barriers.
Many people were killed in attempts to cross the 167.8 kilometers of heavily guarded border fortifications toward West Berlin. The exact number of fatalities is disputed and uncertain, ranging from 136 to 206 according to current research.
Today, more than 30 years later, it is hardly recognizable on many sections of the former Wall strip that this inhumane "anti-fascist protective wall" once stood here. But we have located the remaining traces, in the area between the well-known border crossings Bornholmer Str. (Prenzlauer Berg to Wedding) and Checkpoint Charlie (Mitte to Kreuzberg).
On our e-bike tour "Berlin Wall & Highlights - Mix" you will learn, on the "Square of 09 November", how the Wall was built and how the cherry trees came to be on the Wall strip on Bornholmer Strasse. In addition, you will be told where there is still an approximately 212m long original piece of the Berlin Wall (including the death strip) and how the Wall disappeared overnight.
A lot of important, "recent" history of our great city. But the e-bikes make it easy for us to combine two of our tours, each in a modified form.
There's an excellent mix of our "Berlin Wall" and "Mitte Highlights" bike tour.
And that's why, starting at Nordbahnhof, one of the former "ghost stations" at the time of the Wall, we head off to the highlights of the city.
Directly opposite Berlin's main station, which has become the capital's most important railroad junction, is the Charité hospital with a history that goes back a long way. Originally planned as a plague house in the 17th century, it served as a garrison hospital and is today - as it was then - one of the most famous hospitals in Germany.
Not far from it, are the Reichstag and the government district with the ribbon of the federal government, the Federal Chancellery.
Berlin's landmark par excellence, the Brandenburg Gate, is the destination of our little trip.
On the way back of our tour we pass numerous modern and historical buildings and squares. For example, the Holocaust Memorial, completed in 2005, the Gendarmenmarkt, said to be the most beautiful square in Europe and the Bebelplatz, which was the scene of the book burning in the Third Reich in 1933.
From the original center of the city, the Nikolai Quarter, we drive past the Red City Hall, the Neptune Fountain, the TV Tower, 368 meters high and St. Mary's Church to Alexander Square. Here our last stop is at the World Time Clock ... in the vernacular, because of its very colorful enamels and the prostitution taking place in the area at the time, pejoratively called "Nuttenbrosche", the Berlin meeting place par excellence. From there, you'll head back through Mitte and Prenzlauer Berg to the starting point.
At the end of this tour, you can safely say that you learned quite a bit about the Berlin Wall from contemporary witnesses and saw many of Berlin's landmarks.
The Berlin E-Bike Tour par excellence.